Labor Rights and Multinational Production (Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics)
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Industry Reviews "This is a must-read book for scholars, students, activists and policy makers who are interested in understanding the effects of the global economy-especially foreign direct investment and export-oriented development policies-on labor rights. List of Tables and Figures p. The Diversity of Multinational Production p. All Rights Reserved.
ISBN 13: 9780521872812
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Are you sure you would like to remove these items from your wishlist? Remove From Wishlist Cancel. The book contributes to academic literature in comparative and international political economy, and to public policy debates regarding the effects of globalization.
Edited by Gordon L. Clark, Maryann P. Feldman, Meric S. Gertler, and Dariusz Wójcik
By highlighting the diverse impacts of different sectors, firms, and types of multinational organisation in labor rights, it opens several new lines for future research. By problematizing the impact of foreign policy debates at both the domestic and international levels. Industrial and Labor Relations Review. This book explores the relationship between workers' rights and economic globalization in developing countries.
Mosley posits that multinational production has both positive and negative consequences for labor rights. This book speaks to contemporary debates regarding the race to the bottom, corporate social responsibility, and economic development in low- and middle-income nations. Convert currency. Add to Basket. Book Description Cambridge University Press , Condition: New.
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Language: English. Brand new Book. To test these claims, Mosley presents newly generated measures of collective labor rights, covering a wide range of low- and middle-income nations for the period. Seller Inventory AAA Book Description Cambridge University Press, Book Description Cambridge University Press.
The Effects of Multinational Production on Wages and Working Conditions in Developing Countries
New copy - Usually dispatched within 2 working days. The growing pool of global labor is accessed by employers in more advanced economies through various methods, including imports of goods, offshoring of production, and immigration. While most of the absolute increase in this global labor supply consisted of less-educated workers those without higher education , the relative supply of workers with higher education increased by about 50 percent during the same period. According to a report by the McKinsey Global Institute, this was caused mostly by developing nations, where there was a "farm to factory" transition.
Non-farming jobs grew from 54 percent in to almost 73 percent in This industrialization took an estimated million people out of poverty and contributed to the economic development of China, India and others.
By foreign-born workers accounted for 17 percent of all STEM science, technology, engineering and math positions in the United States. Employment is growing fastest in emerging and developing economies. Global unemployment is expected to approach million in , compared with slightly over million in The number of people employed in precarious work also called "vulnerable employment" — employment that is poorly paid, insecure, unprotected, and cannot support a household—has increased dramatically in recent decades.
This includes part-time employment, self-employment or freelance work , homeworkers , fixed-term or temporary work , on-call work, other contingent work , and telecommuting jobs. These numbers show that, globally, the structure of the workforce has been changing. In addition to the economic and social factors described above, a large part of this restructuring is also due to demographic factors, changes in the structure of the world's population.
In wealthier countries with more advanced economies, fewer people die from communicable diseases and, overall, life expectancies are much longer while birth rates are lower. The youngest populations, primarily those in Southeast Asia and Africa , are those in which overall life expectancies are lower—many children and some adults still die from communicable diseases—but the birth rate is also high.
The movement of individuals across national , regional , cultural , or linguistic boundaries has been referred to as "global mobility. Movement of people across national borders is becoming increasingly common. Traditionally, this has been described in terms of push and pull forces that drive migrant workers and immigrant laborers toward more developed countries. However, not all labor mobility is outward movement toward more advanced economies. An increasing number of individuals move to less developed countries  to provide new expertise  or return their expertise to their country of origin.
This includes a return movement or repatriation of internationally relocated individuals such as immigrants, refugees , sojourners, retirees , military personnel, international students , or other expatriates. Thus, global workforce mobility research is relevant to both host and home country policies. From a focus on longer-term and assigned expatriation, current research is focusing on the drivers and dynamics of a range of new alternative forms of global mobility in the workforce. One issue related to the shift of employment to countries with an overall younger population has to do with the dependency ratio in differing countries.
The dependency ratio is an age-population ratio of those typically not in the labor force the dependent part and those typically in the labor force the productive part. The fewer people of working age, the fewer the people who can support schools , retirement pensions , disability pensions and other assistances to the youngest and oldest members of a population, often considered the most vulnerable members of society.
Another issue can arise in regard to the capital-labor ratio in the global population.
Freeman holds that the new entrants to the global workforce since the s brought little capital with them, either because they were poor or because the capital they had was of little economic value. The capital-labor ratio, according to Freeman, is a critical determinant of the wages paid to workers and of the returns to capital.
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The more capital each worker has, the higher will be their productivity and pay. This, along with the effects of the Great Recession , could mean that downward pressure on wages and compensation , particularly in more advanced economies, will continue for the foreseeable future. For example, lowest taxes and tariffs, land, materials, labor, etc. In terms of global labor arbitrage, the lowest-cost labor is often found in countries that have the fewest protections for workers.